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Christmas Cookie

It’s the most brilliant season, when cooks around the nation take to their kitchens to heat treats in abundance. Regardless of whether you lean toward gingerbread men, fresh springe or crunchy biscotti, odds are you’ll appreciate some new prepared Christmas treats this Christmas season. In the same way as other Christmas customs, the beginning of this flavorful custom falsehoods a very long time back, in solstice ceremonies led some time before Christmas turned into the enormous business occasion it is today.

Winter solstice celebrations have been held for ages, across the world. From Norway to West Africa, Ireland to India, gatherings of individuals assembled to commend the changing of the seasons. Festivities spun around food; all things considered, you needed to eat before the starvation of the colder time of year. Solstice frequently implied the appearance of the principal ice, so creatures could be killed and kept securely to eat through the colder time of year, and matured refreshments like lager and wine that had been blended in the spring were at last prepared to drink. As any advanced host knows, a good meal and a firm beverage need only one thing to finish the gathering: dessert.

By the Middle Ages, the Christmas occasion had surpassed solstice customs all through a lot of present-day Europe. Notwithstanding, the old dining experience customs remained. And keeping in mind that the dish and drink plans were likely very like what prior Europeans had appreciated, the baked good world was encountering some stunning changes. Flavors like nutmeg, cinnamon and dark pepper were simply beginning to be broadly utilized, and dried colorful natural products like citron, apricots and dates added pleasantness and surface to the pastry plate. These things, alongside fixings like sugar, grease and margarine, would have been valued as costly rarities by middle age cooks. Just on the main occasion could families bear the cost of deals with like these, which prompted a heating gold mine to get ready for Christmas. What’s more, not normal for pies or cakes, treats could be effortlessly shared and given to companions and neighbors. Our cutting edge Christmas treats date back to these middle age presents.

Despite the fact that treats have progressed significantly since bygone eras, a few things haven’t changed. Numerous Christmas treats are still vigorously spiced. We consider “customary” Christmas flavors like cinnamon, nutmeg and ginger, and those are the very same flavors archaic cooks would have utilized in their treats a long time back. Gingerbread is an exemplary Christmas treat, but additionally a treat would have tasted strikingly comparable back in the Middle Ages. Ginger, cinnamon, nutmeg and mace join to make a smart, fiery taste, very much like they would have in those days. What’s more, gingerbread utilizes molasses as a sugar, something that middle age cooks would appreciate as refined sugar was so costly. These cooks would not have made gingerbread men, be that as it may. The principal individual to attempt that was in all honesty Queen Elizabeth I of England, who had the treat formed into the states of her #1 subjects.

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Dᴏᴜɢ’s ʟᴀᴛᴇsᴛ ɪɴᴠᴇsᴛᴍᴇɴᴛ ᴄᴀᴜsᴇs ғʀᴜsᴛʀᴀᴛɪᴏɴ ᴀᴍᴏɴɢ ʙᴀɴᴋᴇʀs ᴀʟʟ ᴏᴠᴇʀ Cᴀɴᴀᴅᴀ

With every recipe I publish and tip I share, my goal is to help you become a better baker. As a home baker turned cookbook author and recipe publisher, I’ve made THOUSANDS of mistakes in the kitchen, especially when it comes to making the perfect cake. Let me share the cake baking tips I’ve learned over the years.

This useful information will help guarantee your next cake is the perfect cake.

cake ingredients

1. Follow the Recipe
This sounds obvious, right? Following the recipe is the most important cake baking tip you’ll ever hear/read. It’s also the most ignored. We often substitute ingredients in recipes based on what we have. Subbing out eggs, reducing sugar, using liquid sweetener instead of dry, all-purpose instead of cake flour, baking soda for powder, egg whites instead of whole eggs, etc. I do not recommend doing this unless the recipe suggests alternatives. Don’t sabotage your time, effort, and money. I’m guilty of this, too! Sometimes I’m in a rush and just not paying attention or I’m making a substitution because I ran out of an ingredient. But ingredients are needed for a reason and, more often than not, a cake fail is because the recipe wasn’t properly followed. I always recommend following a recipe the first time you try it, then making changes as you see fit the next time.

Likewise, make sure you’re using the appropriate size pan. Unless otherwise noted, don’t substitute a 6-inch cake pan for a 9-inch cake pan or a 9-inch round pan for a 9-inch square pan. You can *usually* get away with swapping 8-inch round cake pans for 9-inch round cake pans (and vice versa). 8-inch cakes will take longer since they’ll likely be thicker.

But to prevent dense cakes, sunken cakes, overflowing cakes, and flimsy cakes, use the correct size pan.

2. Room Temperature
This tip could get a little long so let me direct you to my entire post on the subject. “Room temperature” isn’t listed next to ingredients for fun. There’s science and legitimate reason behind it. If a recipe calls for room temperature ingredients, use room temperature ingredients like eggs, sour cream, butter, and milk.

To paint you a picture, let’s focus on room temperature butter in particular. Most cake recipes begin with creaming butter and sugar together. Butter is capable of holding air and the creaming process is when butter traps that air. While baking, that trapped air expands from the heat and produces a fluffy cake. Not only this, room temperature ingredients bond together easier and quicker since they’re warmer– thus reducing over-mixing. Simply put, cold ingredients do not emulsify together. Period.

Room temperature butter is about 65°F (18°C), which might be colder than your kitchen. It’s cool to touch, not warm. If your cakes are dense, you’re probably softening the butter too much. Allow the butter to sit out on the counter for about 1-2 hours before beginning your recipe. To test it, poke the butter with your finger. Your finger should make an indent without sinking or sliding down into the butter. The butter should not be shiny or greasy. It will be cool to touch, not warm. Sometimes our schedules don’t allow 1-2 hours for softening butter prior to beginning a cake recipe. Don’t take a shortcut and microwave the butter because it will not heat evenly. But guess what? I have a foolproof trick for softening butter quickly. 🙂

stick of room temperature butter

3. Measure Properly
This tip also sounds like a no-brainer, but it’s where we most often make mistakes. The difference between a recipe success and a recipe failure could lie within 1 mis-measured tablespoon of sugar. Measuring ingredients properly is imperative.

Flour is the most common mis-measured ingredient. When measuring flour, use the “spoon & level” method. Do not scoop the flour out of the container/bag with your measuring cup. In some cases, scooping the flour could give you 150% of the correct measurement. Disaster ensues. Rather, using a spoon, scoop the flour into the measuring cup. Do not pack the flour down and do not tap the measuring cup– both cause the flour to settle in the cup. After you’ve spooned the flour into the measuring cup, use the back of a knife to level off the top of the measuring cup. Now you have spoon & leveled flour.

Baking is not very forgiving. Understanding the correct measuring technique for a particular ingredient will guarantee better baking results. See my post about how to properly measure baking ingredients for a deeper dive into proper measuring practices.

4. Cake Flour
The more cake baking experience I have, the more often I reach for cake flour instead of all-purpose flour. You see, cake flour is a low protein flour that’s finely milled into a delicate consistency. This soft, tender texture directly translates into your baked cake. However, some recipes simply cannot withstand fine cake flour. Chocolate cake, for example, already has cocoa powder— which is a VERY fine dry ingredient. In my experience, the combination of cake flour and cocoa powder results in a flimsy chocolate cake. Likewise, spice cake, carrot cake, hummingbird cake, and banana cake contain additional wet ingredients (the fruits or veggies), so cake flour usually isn’t ideal.

These days, I stick to cake flour when making vanilla cake, white cake, red velvet cake, and other cakes where a fluffy texture is favorable. I’ve been successful substituting cake flour for all-purpose flour to create softer pineapple upside-down cake and funfetti cake. Make a 1:1 substitution with no other changes to the recipe.

I’m not being paid to type this, but Swans Down and Softasilk are my preferred cake flour brands. I use unbleached when I can find it, otherwise I just stick with bleached. Both brands provide consistent quality results for a good price. You can find cake flour in the baking aisle next to the all-purpose flour. If you can’t get your hands on cake flour, use this cake flour substitute.

5. Don’t Over-mix, Don’t Under-mix
Whether a recipe calls for mixing batter with an electric mixer or simply using a whisk, make sure you’re mixing the cake batter together *just until* the ingredients are combined. Over-mixing batter, whether that’s for cakes, cupcakes, breads, muffins, etc, lends a tough-textured baked good because you’re deflating all the air and over-developing the gluten.

Don’t turn on the mixer then leave the room!

Likewise, don’t under-mix. Obviously we want all of the ingredients incorporated together.

6. Use Parchment Paper Rounds
First, make sure you have quality cake pans. From one baker to another– I swear by Fat Daddio’s cake pans. Incredible quality for the price. I’m not working with this brand, I’m just a genuine fan.

No matter what size or brand cake pan you use, make sure you prepare it appropriately. These days I ALWAYS use parchment paper rounds. Trace the bottom of the cake pans(s) on a large piece of parchment paper. Cut out the parchment circle(s). Then, very lightly grease the cake pans with butter or nonstick spray. I usually use coconut oil nonstick spray or “baking spray” which has a little flour in it. Place the parchment round inside, then grease the parchment round too. Yes, grease the pan AND the parchment. This promises an ultra non-stick environment for your cake. Never any sticking. I usually keep a stack of parchment rounds on hand just in case I’m in a rush to get a cake in the oven.

When the cake has cooled, run a thin knife around the edge, invert the cake on your hand or work surface, then pull off the cake pan. Peel off the parchment round.

If you’re serving the cake right out of the pan, such as a sheet cake, no need to line with parchment. (Though you certainly could if desired.) Just grease the pan.

2 images of cut out parchment paper rounds and parchment paper rounds in cake pans
7. Don’t Open the Oven
Don’t open the oven 25 times as the cake bakes. This lets in cool air and the drastic temperature change causes the rising cake to sink. (Temperature change is the same reason cheesecake can develop cracks. See How to Prevent Cracks in Cheesecake.) Rather, follow the baking time in the recipe and check the cake one or two times for doneness. (Next tip.)

It’s also wonderfully helpful to own an oven thermometer. Unless you have a new or regularly calibrated oven, your oven’s temperature is likely inaccurate. When you set your oven to 350°F, it might not be 350°F inside. An inaccurate oven can ruin your baked goods. The inexpensive remedy is an oven thermometer. While cheap, they are totally irreplaceable in a baker’s kitchen. Place it in your oven so you always know the actual temperature.

Also, if you use a convection oven, always reduce the oven temperature by 25°F. It’s best to reduce the baking time as well– for cookies, it’s around 1 minute less. For cakes, cupcakes, bread, brownies, bars, etc (items with longer bake times), it’s usually reduced around 5 or so minutes. My recipes are written for conventional ovens.

8. Bounce-Back Test
You can determine if a cake is done by testing with a toothpick. Stick a toothpick in the center of the cake and if it comes out clean, it’s cooked through. But let me tell you what I do instead. And you don’t need to waste time and fumble around for a toothpick:

Remove the cake from the oven or leave it in, your choice. Gently press down on the cake. If the cake bounces back completely, it’s done. If your finger left a dent in the cake, it needs more time. So easy. I always do this!

This little trick can be used on muffins and cupcakes as well.

9. Allow to Cool Completely in Pan
This sounds like a no-brainer, but we’re often in a rush– myself included. Assembling and/or decorating cakes before they’re completely cool is literally a recipe for disaster. The flavor hasn’t settled and the frosting will melt.

Some bakers may disagree, but I always cool my cakes completely inside the pans. I do the same for cupcakes, quick breads, and more. Place the pan on a wire rack and leave it alone until completely cool. If I’m in a rush, sometimes I’ll place the rack and pan in the refrigerator to speed up the cooling process.

If I’m in a major rush, I cool the cake in the pan for 30 minutes. Then I remove it from the pan and place it on a baking sheet inside the freezer for about 45 more minutes. Depending on the size of the cake, it’s completely cool in a little over 1 hour.

10. Storing & Transporting Cakes
Unless otherwise noted, cakes taste best at room temperature. (Love chocolate mousse cake cold though!) If you prepare cake one day ahead of time, you can bake and cool it, then cover it tightly and keep at room temperature. Fresh frosting tastes best, so assemble and frost the day of serving. If storing a frosted cake, keep it covered in the refrigerator. Set it on the counter before serving so it warms to room temperature. All of my cake recipes include make-ahead instructions.

How do I cover a frosted cake without ruining the frosting? A cake carrier! I own a handful of these and they’re an absolute lifesaver when it comes to storing and transporting cakes. I use this cupcake carrier for storing and transporting frosted cupcakes, too. The cupcake carrier is excellent for 9×13 inch cakes, round pies, and more.

11. Bonus Baking Tip: Easy Decorating
When it comes to cake decorating, I prefer classic and simple. This is mostly because I’m impatient and need more practice with any intricate decor. But I’m an expert on EASY and BEAUTIFUL cake garnishes. Naked-style cake is probably my favorite and requires zero special skill. Easy buttercream flowers only require 2 piping tips and I have a video tutorial showing you how to replicate this look. Or try two-toned frosting roses! Whipped cream swirls, as shown in my lemon cake, are just as lovely as they are easy.

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What You never knew about Donuts

1.They were initially called “sleek cakes.”

The early Americans took the way that the treats were singed in oil straightforwardly, naming them olykoeks, meaning “slick cakes.” The word ‘doughnut’ came not long after when a lady is said to have placed nuts in the mixture prior to broiling it. The present greatest discussion is whether the word is spelled ‘doughnut’ or ‘donut.’ Which one is in fact right? Nobody truly knows!

2. A mariner designed the cutting edge shape.

Supposedly, a New England lady seared some mixture to send with her child for his journey adrift during the nineteenth century. She was the person who singed the batter with nuts, prompting the name ‘doughnut,’ however her child was the person who put an opening in the middle, giving us the exemplary doughnut shape. The youthful mariner is said to have pierced the doughnut through one of the spokes on the boat’s wheel to hold the doughnut while utilizing two hands to guide the boat.

3. The cutting edge doughnut has connections to World War I.

We owe our dependence on doughnuts to a Russian man named Adolph Levitt, the creator of the doughnut machine. The contraption dispatched doughnut creation from nearby bread shops to large scale manufacturing offices, prompting a blast in doughnut notoriety and deals. The Salvation Army found out about the pattern and chose to utilize doughnuts as a piece of their advancement to respect warriors battling in World War I. “Doughnut lassies” singed up the treats and served them to individuals from the U.S. military in France and Germany.

4. Krispy Kreme was the primary popular store.

Vernon Rudolph purchased the mysterious formula for the Krispy Kreme doughnut from a french man in New Orleans and brought back the formula to North Carolina where Krispy Kreme Donuts was conceived. The religion exemplary doughnut shop originally opened its entryways on July 13, 1937 in Winston-Salem and has been blasting in business from that point onward.

5. Americans are doughnut insane.

More than 10 billion doughnuts are made in the US consistently, and 17 million of those are created at one single doughnut chain!

6. They can get pretty expensive.

The most costly doughnut on the planet was made by Krispy Kreme and sold for more than $1,000. The 23-carat, gold-cleaned doughnut was loaded up with Dom Pérignon Champagne jam, sprinkled with 24-carat gold leaf and eatable jewels. Well that is one rich pastry.

7. Also, they can be an incredible piece.

The greatest doughnut at any point made was an American-style jam doughnut, tipping the scales at 1.7 tons and estimating 1 foot tall.

8. They’re extraordinary for getting into character.

Renee Zellweger ate 20 doughnuts consistently to put on weight for her part in Bridget Jones’ Diary. She guarantees, “one donut doesn’t do a thing. You must eat 20 every day for five weeks before you get results.”

9. You can consume one off with a bicycle ride.

30 minutes of lively trekking consumes a normal of 200 calories—the comparable on one frosted doughnut. Does it consider on the off chance that we eat we sell?

10. You can get them for nothing!

Chains the nation over offer advancements consistently, however National Donut Day is time to get your fix without dropping a dime.

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𝖫𝗎𝗄𝖺𝗌 𝗏𝗂𝖽𝗌𝗍𝖾 𝗂𝗄𝗄𝖾, 𝖺𝗍 𝗄𝖺𝗆𝖾𝗋𝖺𝖾𝗍 𝗏𝖺𝗋 𝗍æ𝗇𝖽𝗍

Type of Game: International or “English” snooker is the most widely played form of snooker around the world. It is generally played on 6’x12′ English billiard tables, with cushions that are more narrow than on pocket billiard tables and which curve smoothly into the pocket openings. 5 x 10 and snooker tables of even smaller playing dimensions may be used for the game. On a 6 x 12 snooker (English billiard) table the playing area within the cushion faces shall measure 11′ 8.5″ x 5′ 10″ with a tolerance on both dimensions of +/-0.5″. The height of the table is measured from the floor to the top of the cushion rail, and the height shall measure 34″ with an allowable variance of +/-0.5″.

You can play snooker like games in the most popular online casino sites. When playing online casinos with real money you can win prizes, but check your local laws before doing so.

Players: 2

Balls Used: Set of Snooker balls: fifteen object balls that are not numbered and are solid red (called reds), six object balls of other colors that are not numbered (called colors) and a cue ball (called the white ball). Point values for object balls: red-1, yellow-2, green-3, brown-4, blue-5, pink-6, black-7. In International Snooker the balls used are 2-1/16″ diameter.

The Rack: Play begins with the balls placed as in the diagram above. The pink is spotted on the Pyramid Spot. The apex ball of the triangle of reds is racked as close as possible to the pink without touching it.

Baulk-line and Baulk: A straight line drawn 29″ from the face of the bottom cushion and parallel to it is called the Baulk-line and the intervening space termed the Baulk.

The Half Circle: The Half Circle is a semi-circle described in Baulk with its center at the middle of the Baulk-line and with a radius of 11.5″. When the striker has cue ball in hand within the Half Circle he may place the base of the cue ball anywhere on the line or within the Half Circle, and may use his hand or any part of his cue (including the tip) to position the cue ball–as long as it is judged he is not attempting to play a stroke.

Object of the Game: To score a greater number of points than opponent.

Scoring: Points are scored in two ways: players are awarded points for fouls by the opponent (see Penalties For Fouls below), and by legally potting reds or colors. Each legally potted red ball has a point value of one; each legally potted color ball has a point value as indicated (Balls Used above). A frame ends when all balls have been potted, following the Rules of Play; if, however, only the black (7) ball is left on the table, the frame ends with the first score or foul. If the players’ scores are equal after that scoring, the black is spotted on its original position and the layers lag or draw lots for the choice of playing at, or assigning opponent to play at, the black ball with the cue ball in hand within the Half Circle, first score or foul then ends the frame.

Opening Break: Players lag or draw lots for choice of break in the opening frame. In a match format the players alternate the break in subsequent frames. Starting player has cue ball in hand within the Half Circle. He must cause the cue ball to contact a red ball. It is not necessary to send a ball to a rail or into a pocket. Failure to meet this requirement is a foul (see Penalties For Fouls) A foul is scored and–with all fouls–the incoming player has a choice of (1) accepting the table and becoming the striker, or (2) requiring the offender to break again.

Rules of Play

1. A legally potted ball entitles the striker to continue at the table until he fails to legally pot a ball.

2. On all shots, the striker must comply with the appropriate requirements of Rules of Play 5 and 6. It is not necessary to cause the cue ball or an object ball to contact a cushion or drop in a pocket after the cue ball has contacted a legal object ball (ball on). Failure to contact a legal object ball first is a foul.

3. As long as reds are on the table, the incoming striker (player taking his first stroke of an inning) always has a red as his legal object ball (ball on).

4. Any red balls potted on a legal shot are legally potted balls; the striker need not call any particular red ball(s), pocket(s) or details of how the pot will be played.

5. When the striker has a red ball as his “ball on” (legal object ball), he must cause the cue ball’s first contact to be with a red ball. Failure to do so is a foul (See Penalties For Fouls)

6. After the striker has scored a red ball initially, his next legal object is a color, and as long as reds remain on the table he must alternate his play between reds and colors (though within each group he may play a ball of his choice). When reds remain on the table and a color is his object, the striker must (a) designate prior to stroking which color ball is his object (that specific color is then his “ball on”), and (b) cause the cue ball’s first contact with a ball to be with that colored ball. If the striker fails to meet these requirements, it is a foul (See Penalties For Fouls).

7. If the striker’s ball on is a red, and he pots a color, it is a foul.

8. If the striker’s ball on is a color, and he pots any other ball, it is a foul.

9. Jump shots are illegal in International Snooker. It is a foul if the striker intentionally causes the cue ball to jump (rise from the bed of the table) by any means, if the jump is an effort to clear an obstructing ball.

10. While reds remain on the table, each potted color is spotted prior to the next stroke (see Spotting Balls below for spotting rules). After a color has been spotted, if the striker plays while that ball is incorrectly spotted (and opponent or referee calls it before two such plays have been taken), the shot taken is a foul. If the striker plays two strokes after such error without its being announced by opponent or referee, he is free of penalty and continues playing and scoring normally as though the spotting error simply had not occurred. The striker is responsible for ensuring that all balls are correctly spotted before striking. If the striker plays while a ball(s) that should be on the table is not a foul may be awarded whenever the foul is discovered during the striker’s inning. Any scoring prior to the discovery of the foul will count.

11. When no reds remain on the table, striker’s balls on become the colors, in ascending numerical order (2,3,4,5,6,7). These legally potted colors are not spotted after each is potted; they remain off the table. (The black (7) ball is an exception in the case of a tie score; see Scoring.)

Illegally Potted Ball: Reds illegally potted are not spotted; they remain off the table. Colors illegally potted are spotted. (See Spotting Balls.)

Object Balls Jumped off the Table: Reds jumped off the table are not spotted and the striker has committed a foul. Colors jumped off the table are spotted and the striker has committed a foul. (See Penalties For Fouls)

Spotting Balls: Reds are never spotted. Colors to be spotted are placed as at the start of the game. If a color’s spot is occupied (to mean that to spot it would make it touch a ball), it is placed on the spot of the highest value color that is unoccupied. If all spots are occupied, the color is spotted as close as possible to its original spot on a straight line between its spot and the nearest point on the top (foot) cushion.

Cue Ball after Jumping off the Table: Incoming player has cue ball in hand within the Half Circle. When cue ball is in hand within the Half Circle (except the opening break), there is no restriction (based on position of reds or colors) as to what balls may be played; striker may play at any ball on regardless of where it is on the table.

Touching a Ball: While balls are in play it is a foul if the striker touches any object ball or if the striker touches the cue ball with anything other than the tip during a legal stroke.

Snookered: The cue ball is snookered when a direct stroke in a straight line to any part of every ball on is obstructed by a ball or balls not on. If there is any one ball that is not so obstructed, the cue ball is not snookered. If in-hand within the Half Circle, the cue ball is snookered only if obstructed from all positions on or within the Half Circle. If the cue ball is obstructed by more than one ball, the one nearest to the cue ball is the effective snookering ball.

Angled: The cue ball is angled when a direct stroke in a straight line to any part of every ball on is obstructed by a corner of the cushion. If there is any one ball on that is not so obstructed, the cue ball is not angled. If angled after a foul the referee or player will state “Angled Ball”, and the striker has the choice to either (1) play from that position or (2) play from in hand within the Half Circle.

Occupied: A spot is said to be occupied if a ball cannot be placed on it without its touching another ball.

Touching Ball: If the cue ball is touching another ball which is, or can be, on, the referee or player shall state “Touching Ball.” Thereafter the striker must play away from it or it is a push stroke (foul). No penalty is incurred for thus playing away if (1) the ball is not on; the ball is on and the striker nominates such ball; or (3) the ball is on and the striker nominates, and first hits, another ball. [If the referee considers that a touching ball has moved through an agency other than the player, it is not a foul.]

Push Stroke: A push stroke is a foul and is made when the tip of the cue remains in contact with the cue ball (1) when the cue ball makes contact with the object ball, or (2) after the cue ball has commenced its forward motion. Provided that where the cue ball and an object ball are almost touching, it shall be deemed a legal stroke if the cue ball hits the finest possible edge of the object ball.

Miss: The striker shall to the best of his ability endeavor to hit the ball on. If the referee considers the rule infringed he shall call foul and a “miss.” The incoming player (1) may play the ball(s) as they lie, or (2) may request that the ball(s) be returned to the original position and have the offending player play the stroke again. Note: if the ball on cannot possibly be hit, the striker is judged to be attempting to hit the ball on.

Free Ball: After a foul, if the cue ball is snookered, the referee or player shall state “Free Ball.” If the non-offending player takes the next stroke he may nominate any ball as on. For this stroke, such ball shall be regarded as, and acquire the value of, the ball on. It is a foul should the cue ball fail to first hit, or – except when only the pink and black remain on the table – be snookered by, the free ball. If the “free ball” is potted, is is spotted, and the value of the ball on is scored. If the ball on is potted it is scored. If both the “free ball” and the ball on are potted, only the value of the ball on is scored.


If a foul is committed:

1. the player who committed the foul incurs the penalty prescribed (which is added to the opponent’s score), and has to play again if requested by the next player. Once such a request has been made it cannot be withdrawn. 2. should more than one foul be committed in the same stroke the highest value penalty shall be incurred. 3. any ball improperly spotted shall remain where positioned, except that if off the table it shall be correctly spotted.

Penalties for Fouls

The following are fouls and incur a penalty of four points or the higher one prescribed:

1. value of the ball on –

by striking:

a) when the balls are still moving from the previous shot. b) the cue ball more than once (double hit). c) without at least one foot on the floor. d) out of turn. e) improperly from in hand within the Half Circle.

by causing:

f) the cue ball to miss all object balls. g) the cue ball to enter a pocket. h) a snooker with free ball. i) a jump shot.

2. value of the ball on or ball concerned –

by causing:

a) a ball not on to enter a pocket. b) the cue ball to first hit a ball not on. c) a push stroke. d) by striking with a ball not correctly spotted. e) by touching a ball with other than the tip of the cue. f) by forcing a ball off the table.

3. value of the ball on or higher value of the two balls by causing the cue ball to hit simultaneously two balls other than two reds or a “free ball” and the ball on.

4. penalty of seven points is incurred if –

the striker

a) after potting a red commits a foul before nominating a color.

b) uses a ball off the table for any purpose.

c) plays at reds in successive strokes.

d) uses as the cue ball any ball other than the white one.

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Wedding Cake Checklist

Consider your wedding cake to be the highlight of your gathering. It ought to mirror your style as a team, both in its outer subtleties and inside flavors. First of all: Gather motivation to sort out what cake subtleties you like (and don’t care for). Then, at that point start your quest for the ideal cake pastry specialist to rejuvenate your vision. How would you realize which cake bread cook is ideal for you? Arm yourself with arguments from this trusty agenda to sort out who’s the best fit.

Your Budget

Before you make a plunge, know the amount of your spending plan can be spent on your cake. Have this number front and center to try not to meet with pastry specialists outside your value range. Try not to be hesitant to be gruff with the cake cooks you meet and let them understand what number you’re working with. They’ll be cheerful you did, thus will you with regards to getting the bill. What is your cake spending plan?

Generally Style

When you think about the ideal wedding cake, what style rings a bell? Contemporary, Dramatic, Ornate, Regal, Simple, Traditional, Unique, Trendy, Classic, Glamorous, Themed (for a Gatsby wedding, or a French-style wedding),

Level Shapes.

Given your cake’s style, which shape will address it best? Round levels are exemplary, obviously, while square or hexagonal work for an advanced energy. There are upsides and downsides to each shape—in case you’re trapped, incline toward your cake dough puncher for their professional assessment. Round, Square, Rectangular, Hexagonal, Triangular, Topsy-turvy, Mixed shapes, Scalloped, Sheet cake.

Number of Servings

The quantity of cake servings will help decide the size of your cake. All in all, three levels will serve 50 to 100 visitors. Thus, in case you’re having at least 150, you’ll probably require at least four levels. What number of servings will you require? 0–10 servings, 10–50 servings, 50–100 servings, 100–150 servings, 150–200 servings, 200+ servings.

Tip: If you have a little list of attendees, yet at the same time need a tall-layered cake, have your cake dough puncher make the base layer out of styrofoam and beautify it to resemble the remainder of the cake. Then again, in the event that you have a powerful number of visitors to take care of, consider enhancing your wedding cake with different treats as well, similar to cupcakes or a sweet bar. A few visitors may quit the cake for different treats, and you can request the cake to be cut into more modest serving sizes. Or on the other hand have a more modest cake for cutting and a bigger sheet cake in the back for serving.

Flavors and Fillings

With regards to wedding cake enhances, the more tasty, the better. First decide your cake flavor then, at that point look at the filling alternatives for a heavenly bundle. Cake flavors: Vanilla, Chocolate, Carrot, Red Velvet, Yellow, Lemon, Orange, Angel food.


Lemon curd, Vanilla buttercream, Chocolate buttercream, Apricot jam, Raspberry mousse, Hazelnut buttercream, Chocolate ganache, Passion organic product curd, Cream cheddar icing, Caramel ganache.

Cake Colors

Choose whether you need your cake to consummately coordinate with your big day tones, or whether it will supplement them. With regards to picking cake tones, avoid splendid, intense tones, and go for palatable forms of your big day shades. What color(s) will overwhelm your cake?

Yellow, Green, Blue, Purple, Pink, Red, Orange, White. What color(s) will you emphasize your cake with? Yellow, Green, Blue, Purple, Pink, Red, Orange.

Cake Add-ons

The additional items you decide for your cake will take it from level to eye-getting. Regardless of whether it’s a basic ribbonlike trim, sugar blossoms, or a Swiss-dab design, choose which emphasizes you need on your cake:
Stripes, Swags, Ribbons, Bows, Dots, Rosette twirls, Flowers (new or sugar), Pleats, Basket weave, Quilted, Scrollwork, Monogram, Fresh organic product, Invitation motif, Lacelike fondant (to imitate your dress).

Cake Toppers

Consider your cake an incredible piece of workmanship—so abstain from fixing it with something nonexclusive. All things being equal, pick something that is particularly you. A couple of thoughts:

  • Treasure cake clincher (maybe your mother and father’s or even grandparents’).
  • Significant family piece (an old fashioned ornament or little jar)
  • Objective explicit clincher (bunch of coral for a sea shore wedding; evergreen for a mountain wedding; or grapes for a grape plantation wedding)
  • Occasional clincher (fondant snowflake for a colder time of year wedding; pre-winter leaves for fall; and daisies for summer)
  • Monogram clincher (sugar letters; glazed monogram treat; or even a chocolate-shaped monogram)
  • Basic clinchers (chocolate shavings; new or sugar blossoms; or a course of strips)

Tip: Not into the cake clincher thought? Try not to utilize one. Some cake plans look extraordinary with no clincher by any means. Do it thusly and you will not occupy from the example on the cake.

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Why Macarons are loved

Do you require additional motivations to like a treat than realizing that is chewy, scrumptious, malty, crunchy, and exquisite taking a gander simultaneously? It’s the replacement to the cupcake as the treat for weddings, marriage social events, child showers, and other such bubbly events. A solitary nibble delicacy made of unadulterated bliss is the means by which macaron fans portray it. All things considered, in the event that you need a few reasons why individuals love it, here they are:

  • They are cute and elegant looking

A macaron is inside and out more visual engaging than the cupcake. It looks substantial and adorable with two dried up, impeccably formed round meringue based layers which have fillings sandwiched in the middle. The smooth surface of the external outside made of almond flour and sugar is smooth and engaging.

  • It is just plainly put… awesome!

Depicting the flavor of a French macaron is a gastronomical enjoyment. At the point when you store a macaron in your mouth, first you get the dry and munchy top layer and afterward abruptly, you feel the caramel of ganache filling and afterward the two substitutes with the delicate base layer to make an awesome vibe to the whole experience.

  • It does not give you guilt pangs

You can visit a French Macaron provider Chicago and chasm on more than one macaron. It is better compared to gorging on a cupcake. A macaron has possibly 100 calories while a cupcake may have multiple times that. It is light on the stomach and simple to process.

  • It’s gluten-free

In contrast to different treats and cakes, a macaron is liberated from glutens. Consequently, it is alright for individuals with gluten sensitivity to burn-through.

  • It’s a good conversation-advancer

Young ladies appear to simply cherish macaron. In this way, in the event that you are out on the town and adhered at how to drive the discussion further, take her to a Macaron bread kitchen in Chicago and treat her to a macaron sweet and see her beginning spouting with happiness. You additionally can participate in the fun and make the evening important.

  • Making a macaron is a specialist’s job

This gives the macaron an atmosphere of strength, something that just the uniquely talented can make. Like a culinary master who represents considerable authority in French macarons. She is essential for the Le Petit Sucre, an eminent name as a macaron provider. Le Petit Sucre offers the best, delicate and the most flawless of French macarons that you may have at any point tasted.

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Best Desserts in Europe

15 of the Best Desserts in Europe

European desserts are as shifted and different the way of life they come from. You’ll discover confections and cakes, sweet and exquisite. These are a couple of the best European dishes for dessert!

Appeltaart in Amsterdam

You may have heard the truism, “as American as fruit dessert,” yet the Netherlands have been serving Dutch appeltaart for more than the US has even been a country. Our Eating Amsterdam food visit tastes this thicker style baked good.

Baklava in Greece

This flaky baked good of nuts, normally pistachios, almonds, pine nuts or pecans, is sprinkled in nectar and enclosed by meager sheets of phyllo (or “filo”) batter, which is named for the Greek word for “leaf”. Baklava is a mainstream dessert in numerous nations around the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern locale.

Breskvice in Croatia

The EU’s freshest part accompanies a charming sweet choice: peach-molded treats (the name breskvice means “little peaches”). These well known wedding treats comprise of two treats stuck along with a filling of dim rum, squashed pecans, and peach or apricot jam. They are then dunked in peach alcohol with a dash of red or yellow food shading, and got done with a light cleaning of sugar to finish the look.

Arranged Cheeses in the East End

On the off chance that your pastry tastes veer more towards the appetizing finish of the range, then, at that point Androuet’s cheddar room in London might be your very own paradise. There’s no compelling reason to pick only one when you can test minuscule chomps of such countless flavors. We’re glad to remember them for our East End food visit in London.

Crème Brûlée in Paris

At the point when different nations battle about the option to guarantee a pastry as their own (crema catalana in Spain versus crème brûlée in France is the simply start!), then, at that point the genuine champ is the client. We love having this delicate egg and vanilla custard covered up under a flimsy layer of caramelized sugar accessible in whatever number places as could be allowed.

Fondue in Switzerland

Expanding on the brightness of dissolved cheddar as a feast, we can likewise thank the Swiss for making an enormous pot of chocolate satisfactory for dunking pretty much anything into. When it comes from the country with the most elevated per capita chocolate utilization on the planet, why should we contend?

Gelato in Italy

Three different ways gelato is better than frozen yogurt: the flavor is more serious, it’s produced using all-regular fixings, and it’s anything but a lower fat substance. However, one taste is all the persuading you need. Our Testaccio visit can show you how to guarantee you’re getting the genuine article.

Hořické Trubičky in Prague

Supposedly, Napoleon adored these fresh, flaky, cream-filled cake rolls, dunked into thick, liquefied, European-style chocolate. The family-run Choco Café in Prague (a stop on our Prague food visit) makes truly outstanding around.

Sacher Torte in Austria

This world-acclaimed chocolate cake, bound with a trace of apricot jam and finished off with whipped cream, was made at Hotel Sacher in Vienna back in 1832. You’ll discover minor departure from menus all in and out of town, however we suggest attempting the renowned Sacher Torte at the source.

Salted Caramel Tart in London

Mixing sweet and flavorful into one treat can be depicted with just single word: splendid. In addition, you can’t get considerably more English than picking a previous tea stockroom for your café. These are only two of the numerous reasons our food visit in Shoreditch stops at London’s Pizza East to test this tasty sweet.

Stollen Cake in Germany

Need confirmation that local people love this occasion cake of dried products of the soil? A Dresden Christmas markets made a 4,000 kg (8,818 lb) form that vanished in hours. This customary winter treat combines impeccably with a warm cup of thought about wine.

Churros in Spain

Long portions of warm seared batter moved in cinnamon sugar and plunged in dissolved chocolate.

Tiramisu in Rome

A blend of ladyfingers, rum, mascarpone, cocoa and coffee fill this haze of cake with flavor. Our Taste of Testaccio food visit stops to test this basically Italian “shot in the arm” (a harsh interpretation of the word tiramisu) at Barbarini, a neighborhood bistro from 1934.

Turkish Delight in Turkey

Brilliant gel 3D shapes in flavors like rosewater, mint, lemon, orange and cinnamon adorn sweets shop windows around the country. They can either be unadulterated or contain dates or pistachio nuts, and are tidied with sugar prior to being cut into these reduced down delights.

Waffles in Belgium

These bigger brilliant earthy colored cousins of crepes or flapjacks qualify as both breakfast and treat. So you could attempt the famous Liege waffle, thick and chewy, served just with caramelized sugar outwardly, as a feast. Then, at that point circle back to a Brussels waffle, finished off with new organic product, whipped cream and chocolate, for dessert.

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Cakes For Every Occasion

Not everybody would admire your additional effort to find an excellent reward for them. A cake, then again, will convey a few smiles on their face immediately. So, why not purchase a cake for the one you love on their big day than bust yourself in looking for an ideal reward. An expansive cake selection is out there within the market at the moment, which might merely go away, you spoilt for decisions. Right here on this put up listed are some excellent cake choices that you would be able to contemplate and make the one you love’s a big day all of the extra memorable. And naturally, when you’re not round to shock them in-person, you all the time have the choice of cake residence supply.

Mojito Cake – For the Cocktail Lovers

Binged with a mixture of mint and rum, Mojito muffins are an excellent possibility for many who love a tipple. The sunshine sponges lined with lime butter make this cake lovable and pleasant. Different cocktail impressed muffins resembling pina colada tarts and soiled martini butter muffins are additionally traditional choices you may discover.

Chocolate Fudge Cake – For the Love of Chocolate

Nobody says no to a darkish chocolate cake. For many of us, digging right into a chocolate cake isn’t lower than expertise in the greatness of heaven on earth. Fudge icing with darkish chocolate items infused on a spongy base makes it an excellent cake for all events.

Antigravity Cake – For the Candy-Tooth

Antigravity muffins are usually identified to pile excessive with sweets and topple out of the bag. The sweets are neatly caught on a stick, which is often hidden, making them seem like they’re falling down. It is a bit difficult to deal with, they do look excellent and are definitely worth the value as properly.

Ombre Cake – For the Trendsetters

A 3-tier chocolate caramel cake with four sponges and layers of darkish chocolate, milk chocolate, and caramel infused in between, the cake is the enjoyment of all respects. Its gradient shading is its most fascinating function, along with its exquisite style and total look. If you wish to get executed a birthday cake supply at the moment, these are the muffins to desire.

Ice Cream Cake – For the Cool Ones

Irrespective of when you’re celebrating your first anniversary with the one you love or planning to shock them on their birthday, an ice-cream cake is a straightforward possibility cherished by all. The muffins can be found in a broad vary of flavors, together with vanilla, butterscotch, strawberry, darkish fantasy, double chocolate, and rather more.

Peanut Butter Layered Cake – For the Peanut Butter Lovers

A few of us are completely loopy about peanut butter. That is exactly the rationale why we now even have peanut butter muffins accessible in the market. So, if the one you love is a die-hard peanut butter lover like you might be, get this cake. In fact! You even have the cake residence supply possibility.

Freakshake Cheesecake – For the Adventurous Souls

Who mentioned muffins must have a sponge base? Not us! Get impressed and select muffins, which might be totally different – like Freakshake cheesecake. It is a traditional new addition to the record of muffins that you would be able to select to purchase. The flavors shelved available in the market are a plethora. So, choose a taste that your particular one would love. Our go-to flavors embody purple velvet, mango, blueberry, and strawberry mousse.

Apart from these, there are numerous standard cake choices on the market so that you can choose and purchase. However, for birthday cake supply at the moment choices, our talked about muffins would greatest fit your wants.

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The Importance of Cakes in Your Special Occasion

Many festivals are coming, and with that, additionally, they carry our need of getting candy good trying stuff – particularly truffles. Be it a birthday celebration, an anniversary, or an everyday celebration — there’s one factor often frequent — a cake. All of us love having fun with truffles on such events, proper? Generally, we’re occupied with so many different issues on such days. Isn’t it? What can we truly need on that big day? A lovely cake which is readymade and could be delivered to the venue. Received’t you agree?

Properly, for everybody who loves truffles, I’ve one thing attention-grabbing for you.

Cake – the superb amalgamation of flour, sugar, eggs, milk, butter, and flavors is the world that serves us on all our events. Events are these instances when good meals and sweets make our day. When you’ve got a vibrant world of truffles at your disposal, you shouldn’t fear a lot in regards to the candy content material in all of your particular events. The kinds of truffles are many, and nowadays, eggless truffles are also obtainable, which has opened the gates of truffles to the pure vegetarians.

Get a customized cake for Children

For the loving youngsters at your property, you may go for the custom-made or personalized model of truffles. The place you will get a cake within the desired form of a cartoon character beloved by the children. Or chances are you’ll connect his image to the cake and get the personalized cake for a surprising birthday celebration of your child. 

For marriage or Anniversary, a shiny distinction cake in pink would do.

A pink velvet cake could be the only option to extend the second’s happiness and romance, like marriage or Anniversary. This cake’s merely stunning look makes an endearing current for the event due to the mixture of pretty colours. The Crimson and white coloration mixture is just tantalizing and complement one another with its distinction. Crimson suggests energy, love, ardour, and vitality, whereas white means purity, peace, readability, and concord. Crimson velvet cake is, without doubt, one of the tastiest truffles and would give a shiny smile in your pal’s face.

For Unions and Conferences, Cup Truffles are the very best Selection.

If you’re assembly your pals and family members after a very long time, a fabulous celebration should be in your playing cards. So as to add pleasure and happiness to your celebration, you will get pretty and cute cupcakes. Numerous flavors are current in cupcakes like chocolate, banana, strawberry, pineapple, pink velvet, and so forth. This mouthful of pleasure and gladness would make your get-together a price remembering one. One other cake that can be handled as a beautiful choice for get-together moments is chocolate truffle cake. Chocolate is such a taste that’s most utilized in truffles, and the chocolate truffle cake would carry many reminiscences again out of your childhood.

Anniversary Cake-Crimson Velvet

As an illustration, a lot of my family members and pals keep in Bangalore in India, and it was earlier arduous for me to shock them with presents or Truffles for varied events. However, now it has gotten a lot simpler. It’sAs a result. There are such a lot of on-line portals that supply these delectable truffles delivered from genuine cake retailers in Bangalore, which retains on mesmerizing the family members on varied events. Suppose, fortunately, you’ve gotten family members and pals within the metropolis of Bangalore. In that case, you can also now get the cake delivered to their properties in Bangalore and assist them in setting the spirit of any celebration greater.

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Sᴄʜᴏᴋᴋᴇɴᴅ ɢᴇɴᴏᴇɢ ɪs sʟᴇᴄʜᴛs 1,7% ᴠᴀɴ ᴅᴇ ʙᴇᴠᴏʟᴋɪɴɢ ᴢɪᴄʜ ʙᴇᴡᴜsᴛ ᴠᴀɴ ᴢɪᴊɴ

Making a Tart Crust??? Right here is all you want to know. Bear in mind !! The crucial factor is to get your tart shell proper. It must be PERFECT. Solely when you’ve a well-baked shell is when your total tart will flip good.

Suggestions For Baking Tarts

So listed here are my prime suggestions for baking tarts.


One of the vital components in your recipe is the butter you employ. It might be salted or unsalted; nonetheless, what’s most critical is the butter’s consistency. You must use cold butter, whereas making the dough. That is what retains your crust crisp. In the event, you use room temperature or melted butter, your tart gained’t flip agency and crisp. For you, it flaky, cold butter is the trick. You can also make the identical recipe with room temperature butter and surprise why it turned soggy and mushy.

The trick is to lower the butter or any fats you utilize into small cubes and chill once more. As soon as actually chilly solely then mix it with the flour, ensuring it resembles a breadcrumb-like texture.


Most pie dough recipes ask for a liquid as an ingredient to kind the dough, generally used is chilled water. It’s essential to use chilly water solely as required. The rationale we add the water is barely to carry the dough collectively. You needn’t knead the dough; however, only have all of it collectively. There aren’t any guidelines like make a clean ball or make a mushy dough or knead effectively. All you want to do is BRING IT TOGETHER. As soon as carried out, flatten the dough like a disc and cling wrap.


Chilling the dough earlier than rolling lets the gluten in it calm down. This can make it simpler to roll the dough and stop it from shrinking, whereas baking. You can also make the dough and maintain it for days within the freezer and use it as required.


Roll the dough, ensuring it’s not too agency to roll as it’s simply out of the fridge. Whereas rolling, sprinkle flour under the dough and above. Roll fastidiously, ensuring all sides are evenly rolled. If there may be any cracking, maintain bringing it collectively. If there may be an excessive amount of cracking, it means your dough is too chilly to roll. Sprinkle a great quantity of flour whereas rolling to keep away from sticking.


Upon getting the dough positioned within the baking tart tray, let it sit within the fridge for an hour or two earlier than baking. This can be certain that the dough retains its form, whereas baking. Preserving the pie crust within the refrigerator for some time will ensure the butter in it’s agency. When this agency crust goes into the recent oven, the butter’s fast-melting makes the crust flaky and crisps.


Utilizing a skewer or fork, prick the tart all spherical earlier than baking. This can keep away from it from shrinking, whereas baking. It would additionally keep away from the pie from puffing within the heart, whereas baking.


Some tarts are fully blind-baked, after which a filling is added and served. Some pies are partially baked after which rebaked with a filling added to it. No matter be your state of affairs, be sure that to preheat the oven earlier than baking. You needn’t open the range within the first 20 minutes, as that is when the actual baking is going on. Bear in mind, the browner your tart, the crispier it’s. So bake the pie till it turns a nice brown in coloration.